How to Take Great Photos of Nature - B&C Camera


Ah, nature. The great outdoors. The fresh air, the chirping birds, and the occasional mosquito bite. It's a beautiful and unpredictable world out there, and as photographers, we have the privilege of capturing its majesty in all its forms. But how do you turn that perfect moment into a perfect photo? Well, my friends, it's time to put on your adventurer's hat, grab your camera, and join me on a journey to discover the secrets of nature photography!


How to Take Great Photos of Nature:

  1. Use a Professional Camera
  2. Select the Right Lens
  3. Use Necessary Camera Equipment
  4. Learn Common Composition Techniques
  5. Utilize Zooming and Cropping Techniques
  6. Do Some Research
  7. Understand How to Use Natural Light
  8. Use Unique Perspectives and Angles
  9. Appreciate the Environment and Animals


Nature photography is all about capturing the beauty and wonder of the natural world through photographs. Whether it's a majestic mountain range landscape, a stunning sunset, or a cute insect scurrying through the underbrush, nature photographers aim to showcase the awe-inspiring sights surrounding us. Here are my top tips to improve your nature shots.


Use a Professional Camera

First and foremost, use a camera that you are comfortable with. However, some features to look for in a camera include high resolution, a wide dynamic range, fast autofocus, weather protection, an interchangeable lens, and good battery life. 


Select the Right Lens

Once you feel like you've selected a camera that gives you comfort, choose the right lens. And there is more than one lens to capture that perfect shot. Ultimately, your lens choice will depend on the type of nature photographs you plan on taking. 

A zoom lens with a wide aperture is a safe bet because of its longer focal length. If your subject is a distance away, like an animal, a zoom lens is perfect for getting a close-up without having to get close. 

For capturing landscapes and wide-angle shots of the natural world, a wide-angle lens with a focal length between 16-35mm is a great choice. 


Use Necessary Camera Equipment

A camera bag is essential, especially during an adventure. A good bag should be weatherproof and have plenty of pockets and compartments to keep your camera equipment safe from the elements.

Related article: Best Camera Bag for Hiking

Extra batteries are a must! Imagine being out hiking, and your camera dies. The irritation will consume you. And pack an extra memory card while you're at it!

Find the right battery: Battery Compatibility Finder

Using a tripod will eliminate any unnecessary camera shake. Seriously, don't forget a tripod! Many tripods are compact and lightweight. Most camera bags will have an exterior loop to hold your tripod.

Shop tripods

Learn Common Composition Techniques

A mistake made in nature photography is having the main subject blend in with the background. Pay special attention to the composition of all the elements in your frame. Make sure to have plenty of space between your foreground and background. Wider apertures will help blur your background so you can keep the focus on your subject. You will get a creamy bokeh effect when you use an aperture between f/2.0-f/2.8

Related article: Landscape Photography Composition


Utilize Zooming and Cropping Techniques

Another excellent nature photography technique is zooming in and cropping close to your subject, and it will give you some interesting shots! You can use a macro lens to zoom in on a dewy leaf, snake's skin, or even flower petals for these shots. Check out these articles that takes a deeper dive into macro photography:

Related article: How to Shoot Macro Photography of Flowers and Insects?

Related article: Close up Photography: How to Take Stellar Close-Up Shots

Do Some Research

Having an understanding of your subject will make you a better photographer. You want to do as much research as possible. For example, if you photograph wild animals, you must know its habits, signs of irritation, and when they are most out. If you are snapping a shot of a waterfall tucked away, you will want to research when the sun hits it the most, what type of insects might be around, and more. This even applies to a highly visited area. You will want to research when the tourists are out the most!


Understand How to Use Natural Light

The beauty of nature photography is having the best light possible, the sun and even the moon! Natural light can bring out the vibrant colors of the natural world, making subjects appear more lifelike and visually appealing. 

Natural light also interacts with objects and can create dynamic and exciting shadows, adding depth and dimension to the photograph.

You can also enhance the texture of objects, whether it's the rough bark of a tree or the smooth surface of a lake.

Related article: Beginner’s Guide to High Contrast Photography


During the golden hours, an hour or so before the sun rises or at sunset, you will achieve a dreamy and soft light that is almost ethereal. Think of a beautiful pink peony bush with a haze and golden hues surrounding it. Natural light will help bring out the emotion in your photo.

Related article: Golden Hour - The Key to Better Golden Hour Photography


Use Unique Perspectives and Angles

Rather than simply photographing a scene straight on, try moving around and exploring different angles. For example, getting low to the ground can help capture a unique perspective, such as the intricate details of a flower or the texture of a rocky surface. Similarly, climbing up to a higher vantage point can help to showcase the sweeping vistas and grand landscapes of the natural world.

Related article: Landscape Photography Composition

Don't be afraid to get creative with your angles – try tilting your camera or shooting from an unexpected position to create a dynamic composition. You can bring a fresh and unique perspective to your nature photography with some experimentation.


Appreciate the Environment and Animals

And, of course, respect your surroundings. If you are in the wild near luscious greens, be careful not to damage branches and flowers -leave nature intact. Make sure to clean up the area around you, and don't leave any trash behind.

And for the safety of the animals and yourself, respect their personal space and don't make them anxious. An anxious animal can result in you getting hurt. 


You're now equipped to capture the natural world in all its glory. Remember, nature photography is all about exploration, experimentation, and fun. So get out there, explore the great outdoors, and keep your camera handy! Who knows what breathtaking sights you might discover next? Happy exploring!


Related article: Landscape Photography Composition

Related article: How to Photograph Birds

Related article: Best Camera Bag for Hiking

Related article: Wildlife Photography Tips

Related article: Best Lens for Landscape Photography


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